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Official Journal of 22nd International Congress of Historical Sciences(Ⅺ)

发布日期:2016-9-7    作者:    来源:    阅读次数:573
INTRODUCTIONThe 22nd International Congress of Historical Sciences came to a successful conclusion.As one of the organizers,The Chinese Historical Review participated entirely and witnessed the remarkable century event.The meeting records or the interesting sidelights during the congress are planning to be published chronologically.So stay tuned.
The Official Journal is mainly based on the Bulletin printed dally during the congress .The Bulletin proposed by The Chinese Historical Review has received the consistent high praise from President,General Secretary and many scholars.The chief editors of the Bulletin are also the executive editors of The Chinese Historical Review :Professor Zheng Qun and Professor Xie Yujun from History and Culture school of Shandong University.
The CISH-Jaeger-LeCoultre History Prize was
Awarded to Serge Gruzinski
On August 26th2015, the medal of The International Prize of Historywas presented to Serge Gruzinski during the 22 nd International Congress of Historical Sciences in Jinan, China, by Marjatta Hietala, president of the CISH, and a Reverso watch was offered to him by Daniel Chang,representing of the Swiss firm Jaeger-LeCoultre, the Patron of the Prize.
The CISH has created The International Prize of History, the CISH-Jaeger-LeCoultre History Prize. This prize honors a historian who has distinguished herself or himself in the field of history by her/his works, publications or teaching, and has significantly contributed to the development of historical knowledge. There are no individual applications. Only the collective members of the CISH - its national committees or its international affiliated organizations - may present candidates. For the first laureate of this prize, the jury - the Board of the CISH, which has 12 members from different countries selected as the winner, from a pool of excellent and highly-qualified candidates, Serge Gruzinski (École des hautes études en sciences sociales and CNRS, Paris, France).
The prize for history consists of a Jaeger- LeCoultre Reverso watch and a medal engraved by a French artist from a model prepared by the Russian painter Iouri Vichnevski. The medal shows the God of History, Kleio, astride the World. The Reverso watch prize can also be considered a very suitable prize for a historian, since the analysis of chronological development is essential to most topics in history.
Hietala congratulated Serge Gruzinski for his outstanding achievements in the field of historyand thanked the Jaeger-LeCoultre Company for its financial contribution to the International Committee of Historical Sciences and to its projects. She said, He is a pioneer in the development of global history and transnational history, which currently represent the main trends in the historical sciences. Since we have to cross borders and learn about the cultures of others, Serge Gruzinski´s publications tell us about the importance of understanding other cultures, religions and different types of behavior. The common specification for his books is interdisciplinarity.
 
Prof. Laurent Tissot, Treasurer of the CISH, made Laudatio Recipient. It says, SERGE GRUZINSKI makes constant shifts, opts for bias where the direct line seems the most successful,creates dual levels, acquires linguistic and cultural skills, takes time to gather pertinent pieces of evidence, plays with them. He is able to give life to these notions of 'mixing' and of 'cultural movement' which are so important in our world today. These notions are also of paramount importance to address the term globalization which we have defined previously.
Serge Gruzinski made a keynote speech titled When The Eagle Visits the Dragon.He pointed out the challenges of a globalized world and from the emergence of images. A historian can hardly ignore the paths of contemporary creation.He retrospected the experience of western expansion and the making of eurocentrism. He gave an account of variety of global ideas of European,Chinese,American, and Indian.
Acknowledgments by Prof. Tao Wenzhao, member of the CISH Board.
After the musical performance, Music and Dance of Confucius Family Manson,by Chinese Orchestra of Shandong Province Song and Dance Theater, Prof. Robert Frank, General Secretary of the CISH, declared the closing of the ceremony.
 

Biography of Serge Gruzinski
Historian and French anthropologist, born in Tourcoing on November 5, 1949, specializing in the history of Mexico and author of celebrated works on Ethnology and theories of miscegenation.
Trained at the National School of Archivists of Paris, where it was titled in 1973 in the field of archives and Palaeography with number one in his class, he completed his studies with a master's degree in history at the University of Paris I, under the direction of Pierre Goubert. In 1973 he entered in the French school of Rome and in 1975 at the Casa de Velázquez in Madrid moved a year later to Mexico as cooperating in the French Institute of Latin America. Between 1978 and 1982 he worked as a researcher noted for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the National Institute of anthropology and history (INAH) of Mexico and on his return to Paris continued its work at the national centre of scientific research(CNRS), institution that was appointed director of research in 1989 and 1996. He also held the Deputy address of the Center for research on Mexico, Central America and the Andes (train) and was responsible for conferences and director of studies of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS). In 1999 he assumed the direction of the 'Empires, Nations and societies' UMR at the Center for research onAmerican worlds (CERMA).
Regular participant in conferences and discussions, their interventions highlight the need to promote the studies of comparative history compared to the model of analysis etnocentralista, hegemonic in countries like France or Spain, which ignores the study of the historical connections between the different continents and favours inaccurate, when not erroneous, history interpretations. To correct this trend, Gruzinski proposes an exercise in expanding horizons to the pursuit of artistic, religious and cultural links that were associated in the past and which were later disconnected by certain historiographies statist, nationalist or even regional scholars.
Entroncada with this theory of analysis, another of its most widespread thesis tries to explain globalization as a process that began in the 16th century, which was then interrupted and now returns at the dawn of the 21st century. Postulated that Grusinski between 1580 and 1640, the Catholic monarchies of Spain and Portugal established a Iberian dominationon the coasts of Africa, India, Macau, Japan and America, which represented the first stage of the globalized world. Developed mestizo societies in points from all continents and the elites began to think about the world. And then, argues the author, there were already two dynamics of domination; on the one hand, the Westernisation, used by Europeans to spread Christianity, urbanized territories and transform dominated beings, that no refused contact with the indigenous people and produced miscegenation, and, on the other hand, globalisation, projecting their mental and artistic schemes outside Europe to impose elements of civilization dominating, like latin, Aristotelianism, or the concept of power, but not join the indigenous culture and without that occur collisions between the two. As a result, the Westernization produces fusions and globalization paralyzes them. Grusinski this first globalization died with the end of the Iberian military domination and the birth of Nations concludes. History ceased to think about the world and began to build national, regional and local past that removed all of the stories that had been connected in origin.
 

Publications of Serge Gruzinski
1.Monograph
Les Hommes-Dieux du Mexique. Pouvoir indigène et domination coloniale, XVI e -XVIII e siècle, Paris: Editions des Archives Contemporaines, 1985
Le destin brisé de l'empire aztèque, Paris: Gallimard, 1988
La colonisation de l'imaginaire, Sociétés indigènes et occidentalisation dans le Mexique espagnol, XVI e -XVIII e siècle, Paris: Gallimard, Bibliothèque des Histoires, 1988
Histoire du Nouveau Monde. De la découverte à la Conquête. Tome I. Une expérience européenne, Paris: Fayard, 1991
Histoire du Nouveau Monde. Les Métissages, Tome II, Paris: Fayard, 1993
L'Aigle et la Sibylle. Fresques indiennes des couvents mexicains, Paris: Imprimerie Nationale,
1994
Histoire de Mexico, Paris: Fayard,1996
La pensée métisse, Paris: Fayard, 1999
Rio, ville métisse, Paris: Chandeigne, 2001, en collaboration avec Luiz Felipe de Alencastro
Les Quatre parties du monde. Histoire d'une mondialisation, Paris: Editions de la Martinière,
2004
Quelle heure est-il là-bas ? Amérique et islam à lorée des temps Modernes, Paris: Le Seuil,
2008
Laigle et le dragon. Démesure et mondialisation au XVIe siècle, Paris: Fayard, 2012
LHistoire, pour quoi faire? Paris: Fayard, 2015
2. Aticles
Le Mexique préhispanique et colonial: un bilan provisoire, Annales E.S.C., 3, mai-juin 1983 (en collaboration avec Solange Alberro
Images, objets de culte et métissage dans le Mexique colonial , L'Uomo, Université de Rome, vol. II-2, 1989
L'art baroque en Amérique latine: naissance d'une civilisation, Arts et Vie, 1, déc. 1990, jan.-fév. 1991
La découverte et la colonisation de l'Amérique: une expérience européenne , Cadmos, Cahiers trimestriels du Centre Européen de la Culture, n°53, printemps 1991 (avec C. Bernand));
La redécouverte de l'Amérique, L'Homme, 122-124, 1992 (avec C. Bernand)
Colonisation et guerre des images dans le Mexique colonial et moderne , Revue Internationale des Sciences Sociales, UNESCO, novembre 1992
Cultural Interbreedings: Constituting the Majority as a Minority (avec Nathan Wachtel, Comparative Studies in Society and History, vol.39, number 2, april 1997);
Les mondes mêlés de la Monarchie Catholique et autres connected histories , Annales HSC, janvier 2001
Genèse des plèbes urbaines coloniales: Mexico aux XVIe et XVIIe siècles, Caravelle, n°84, 2005
Faire de l'histoire dans un monde globalisé , Annales. Histoire, Sciences Sociales, 2011/4, 66e année.

 

 

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